Faculty Scholarship 1994 - Present

Human Resource Management in Entrepreneurial Organizations: Are There Global Best Practices?

Organizations throughout the world are under increasing pressure to become more entrepreneurial. Human resource management should make a substantial contribution to large, mature organizations, because individuals differ in entrepreneurial capacity yet there are elements of entrepreneurship that can be learned. There is some evidence that certain human resource management practices contribute to organizational entrepreneurship. However, we remain skeptical that these practices would be equally effective throughout the world. Differences in national cultures across countries sometimes render certain human resource management practices inappropriate even if they have been used successfully in the United States. Other relevant cross-national sources of variation include legal structures and patterns of social stratification. We conclude that organizations throughout the world can use human resource management in order to become more entrepreneurial, but that different configurations of human resource management practices will be most efficacious in different countries.