Department of Mathematics

Syllabus

**Math 01.525 Modern Geometry**

**CATALOG DESCRIPTION:**

**Math 01.525 Modern Geometry
3 s.h.**

This course provides an overview of the field of geometry by studying
selected geometries in depth, both Euclidean and non-Euclidean. Inductive
exploration and the axiomatic method, as well as synthetic and algebraic
approaches to problems,

are emphasized. Unless recommended by the advisor, this course should
not be chosen if a similar course has been part of the student's undergraduate
program.

**OBJECTIVES:**

In probably no other area of secondary school mathematics has the high
school mathematics teacher been less prepared for today's secondary programs
by her/his undergraduate major than in geometry. It is the purpose of this
course to help overcome this deficiency and to acquaint the student with
the concepts and spirit of modern geometries.

**CONTENT:**

**1. Axiomatic Method**

1.1 Inductive and deductive reasoning

1.2 Axiomatic systems

1.3 Consistency and independence

1.4 Completeness

1.5 Finite geometries

**2. (Optional) Incidence Geometry and Convexity**

**3. Transformational Geometry**

3.1 Rigid motions and isometries

3.2 Congruence

3.3 Similarity transformations

**4. Polygonal Regions and Area Measure**

**5. Geometry of Three Dimensions**

**6. Ruler and Compass Constructions**

**7. Non-Euclidean Geometries**

7.1 Hyperbolic geometry

7.2 Elliptic geometry

**POSSIBLE TEXT:**

Greenberg, Marvin Jay. __Euclidean and Non-Euclidean Geometries: Development
and History.__ San Francisco: W. H. Freeman, Inc., 1980.