Unit Overview

Content Area: Language Arts                         
Unit Title: Teaching Characterization through Shakespeare:  A Balanced Literacy Approach.                                      
Target Course/Grade Level: Grades 6th & 7th
Name:    Jasmin Rodriguez, Daniel Johnson, Debbie Underwood                                                                          
School: Lindenwold Middle School             
Date:      May 11, 2011

Unit Summary: This is an extension unit on characterization and poetry.  These skills will be taught within a balanced literacy classroom using a multi-sensory approach that combines whole group, small group, and independent activities.  Technology and the works of Shakespeare are incorporated to help students master these skills

Primary interdisciplinary connections: Social Studies, Science, Behavioral Support

21st century themes: Apply information-literacy skills to access, manage, and communicate information using a range of emerging technological tools.

Rationale: Having students broaden their ability to make inferences about characters and describe them using high-level vocabulary is a critical reading skill. Students will be able to bring their analysis of characters to life by acting out scenes, including appropriate dialogue, creating costumes that illustrate the time period, and directing and filming and/or rewriting scenes from one of the plays studied.   Poetry, like that of Shakespeare’s sonnets, is an appropriate and accessible way for students to analyze and imitate writing techniques such as rhyme, repetition, and figurative language.

Learning Targets

 

 

Unit Essential Questions:

     

Unit Enduring Understandings:

Unit Learning Targets
Students will:

Evidence of Learning

Summative Assessment (1 day)
Character Traits Quiz using www.voki.com 
Final Unit Project

Equipment needed
Smart board
Internet
Document Camera

Teacher Resources:

Shakespeare Stories by Terry Deary
Shakespeare’s Romeo & Juliet for Kids by Brendan P. Kelso
No Fear Shakespeare – A Midsummer Night’s Dream
No Fear Shakespeare – Romeo & Juliet Graphic Novels
Romeo and Juliet for Kids by Lois Burdett
A Midsummer Night’s Dream by Adam McKeown
Romeo and Juliet by Margaret Early
Teacher created smart board lessons

Formative Assessments
Classwork
Participation
Homework
Entrance Ticket
Exit Ticket
Graphic organizers
Reading log
Quick writes
Quiz
Poems

Lesson Plans


Teacher Notes:   The goal of this unit is to expose students with learning disabilities to classic works of literature, to include forms of drama, poetry and prose.  Using these works of literature, we will additionally further their understanding and usage of figurative language, characterization making connections to their current day experiences.

 

Curriculum Development Resources:
Shakespeare Stories by Terry Deary
Shakespeare’s Romeo & Juliet for Kids by Brendan P. Kelso
No Fear Shakespeare – A Midsummer Night’s Dream
No Fear Shakespeare – Romeo & Juliet Graphic Novels
Romeo and Juliet for Kids by Lois Burdett
A Midsummer Night’s Dream by Adam McKeown
Romeo and Juliet by Margaret Early 
Teacher created Smart Board lessons

Lesson Plan 1
Content Area: Language Arts
Grade: 6th & 7th
Lesson Title: Physical and personality character traits
Timeframe: 1 day

Lesson Components

21st Century ThemesApply information-literacy skills to access, manage, and communicate information using a range of emerging technological tools

 

21st Century Skills: Health Literacy, Global Awareness, Media Literacy, Life and Career Skills

Objectives

Learning Activities/Instructional Strategies:
Entrance Ticket – Answer essential question – “What kinds of things do good readers use to decide what a character is like? – Discuss

Video-discuss possible character traits
 
Mini-lesson: (whole Group) – Teacher will:

Modifications:  
Students will draw a picture and describe the physical and personality traits of the character. 
Students will be allowed to create a character using www.voki.com

 

Formative Assessment Tasks
Class work
Entrance ticket
Exit Ticket
Graphic organizer
Homework
Participation

Lesson Plan 2
Content Area: Language Arts
Grade: 6th & 7th
Lesson Title: Physical and personality character traits
Timeframe: 2 days

Lesson Components

21st Century ThemesApply information-literacy skills to access, manage, and communicate information using a range of emerging technological tools

 

21st Century Skills: Health Literacy, Global Awareness, Media Literacy, Life and Career Skills

Objectives

Learning Activities/Instructional Strategies:
Entrance Ticket – Students will complete a KWHL Chart on Romeo and Juliet.  Students will only complete the “K” and “W” of the chart before reading

Mini-lesson: (whole Group) – Teacher will: Center Days
On Center Days, “Center Contracts” are given to students before rotations begin.  Teacher will go through the entire contract with students; explaining directions for each Center.  Once this is completed, students must sign and date on the indicated lines of their Centers Contract.
Mini- Lesson:

Technology Center: Students will click on the 10 Avatars which will link them to www.voki.com where they will be instructed to watch and listen to the teacher-created Voki character and answer the question on their Interactive Guide (this will be done as a whole group activity where each student will come up to the Smart Board and click on the Character Traits, but each student will have their own Interactive Guide/Could also be done individually if they have Smart Board software on student computers which we have available in most classes. 
Skills Practice:  Prior to student arrival to the Center, teacher will preload the play Romeo and Juliet from the book – Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet for Kids by Brendan P. Kelso onto the Ipod Touches provided to us through the IMPACT Grant.  Students will be instructed to listen to ACT II of the play using the IPod.  After, students will then choose a character from Romeo and Juliet and come up with 5 of our Character Trait Vocabulary Words to describe their character.  Once 5 traits are selected, students must fill out Google Doc to explain why they chose each trait for their character. 

Modifications: For students who are not comfortable completing the Voki avatar of their character because of their inexperience using the VOKI software may create a character bag.  The teacher will have available materials for the student to create their own image of their character using the character traits learned. 

Formative Assessment Tasks
Guided reading
Independent interactive guide
Center Contract
Voki Avatar creation
Entrance ticket
Exit Ticket
Homework
Participation

Lesson Plan 3
Content Area: Language Arts
Grade: 6th
Lesson Title: Poetry – A creative way to express oneself
Timeframe: 1 day

Lesson Components
21st Century Themes: Apply information-literacy skills to access, manage, and communicate information using a range of emerging technological tools.

21st Century Skills: Health Literacy, Global Awareness, Media Literacy, Life and Career Skills

Objectives:

 

Learning Activities/Instructional Strategies

Entrance Ticket- Answer essential question - What is poetry?  How does a character use words to express his/ her feelings or emotions? Give an example.

Hook: Read the song (handout) - Just the way you are by Bruno Mars
Discuss and write students thoughts on smart board. 
Students will then listen to the song.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LjhCEhWiKXk&feature=player_detailpage

Mini-Lesson:
Discuss:
Essential Understanding: Teacher will tell students that the use of poetry is a way in which people can express themselves in speaking or writing in a creative and meaningful way (refer to hook).  Discuss how there is a very strong usage of poetry in William Shakespeare’s literary work The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet.  Shakespeare used repetition, rhythm and figurative language in this particular play. 

Read examples and explain what each type of poetry technique is. 
1. Rhyme example - Act III, Scene 5, on lines 54-55. (Handout)
2. Rhythm example - Act 1, Scene 3, lines 59-62. (Handout)
3. Figurative Language - (handout)

 Extension & Activity: After having read all the three different types of literary techniques used in Rome and Juliet, students will take a few lines from something they read in Shakespeare and imitate his use of rhyme, rhythm or figurative language by writing a love poem widget or a Glogster page using one of the three types of writing techniques.  (See attached smart board lesson).

Modifications: Students can choose quotes from Romeo and Juliet and sort them by the writing technique that was used.  Students can write, recite or type the quotes chosen. 

Exit Ticket: Write one example of rhyme, rhythm and figurative language

Formative Assessment Tasks
Entrance Ticket
Exit Ticket
Homework
Participation
Class work

Lesson Plan 4
Content Area: Language Arts
Grade: 6th & 7th
Lesson Title: Theme and characters in Othello
Timeframe: 1 day

Lesson Components

21st Century ThemesApply information-literacy skills to access, manage, and communicate information using a range of emerging technological tools

 

21st Century Skills: Health Literacy, Global Awareness, Media Literacy, Life and Career Skills

Objectives
Students will identify theme.
Students will identify how the theme of a story can influence a character with 75% accuracy.

Entrance Ticket: Graffiti Wall on smart board – Answer the essential question- What is theme? (See attached smart board lesson)

Hook:  Video – Review Theme http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n3D3Zzq5qzs&feature=player_detailpage

 

Mini-Lesson:
Use attached interactive smart board lesson to review how other literary elements such as; conflict, character motivation, setting, etc. help a reader identify theme in a story.  Students will also review motivators that affected characters in Othello (i.e., love, betrayal, pride, anger, jealousy, etc).

Extension & Activity: After having read the play and reviewed themes presented in the play Othello students will create an MTV Othello.  In this activity students will explore and recreate a video to act out Desdemona's Willow song (4:3, lines 43-62) focusing on one of the themes discussed. Students will have a choice to either sing the song or act it out.  Students will focus on the essential questions as they create their MTV Othello video.  Through this activity students will explore the importance music plays in a scene and theme of a story.  Students will be encouraged to use props.  A flip camera will be used to record the final video. Students can later publish their videos using the www.animoto.com website.

Modifications:
Students can rewrite the Willow song focusing on the themes that appear in the Play.  To complete this activity, students can use the I-pod to record their final product, write their final piece on the computer or pen and paper. 

Exit Ticket: Students will discuss the essential question - What themes are presented in this play and how do they influence the characters in the play?

 

Formative Assessment Tasks
Entrance Ticket
Exit Ticket
Homework
Participation
Class work

Lesson Plan 5
Content Area: Language Arts

Grade: 6th & 7th
Lesson Title:  The Dramatic Finish
Timeframe: 2 days

Lesson Components

21st Century ThemesApply information-literacy skills to access, manage, and communicate information using a range of emerging technological tools

 

21st Century Skills: Health Literacy, Global Awareness, Media Literacy, Life and Career Skills

Objectives
Students will review and model physical and personality traits with 75% accuracy.
Students will review the types of characters found in the story they are reading.
Students will review a graphic organizer identifying the types of characters and types of characterization used to develop character in story with 80% accuracy.
Students will demonstrate understanding of the connection between the learned character traits and real life human action and interaction.  
Students will complete final summative assessment project with 75% accuracy. 

Entrance Ticket:   Using the random name chooser on smart board students will be placed in pairs and instructed to describe physical character traits of their partner.  Next teacher(s) will perform a short skit illustrating various personality character traits from the week’s vocabulary list.  Still in pairs, students will participate in a think, pair share activity to identify the character traits demonstrated by teacher.  (Discuss and share)

Mini-lesson: (day1)
Hook: show 3 different clips of famous scenes from Romeo and Juliet including the balcony, the fight and the tragic ending.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d2q1HFJHZ1Q
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XLWPg3SCYH4
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PdJL5QidhMg

Discussion and wrap up of week’s lesson: After viewing the scenes, students will make connection between the characters from the literature and the characters from the videos.  Teacher will lead students into a discussion on how characters and their traits are influenced by the world around us. 

Scaffolding:
Teacher will model the extension Activity using attached Smart Board activity for The Tempest where a sound track was created for Act I.  Following demonstration of soundtrack activity, teacher will explain Summative assessment final projects/ presentations.

 

Exit Ticket (day 1) – Which project would you choose? Why?

Day 2 –

Extension & Activity:
Students will be placed in heterogeneous groups based on their reading lexile level.   With their assigned partners students will be instructed to visit an area within the classroom to choose a final presentation project.  (Summative Assessment).

 

Project 1: Students will collaborate with one another to choose a scene from Romeo and Juliet to act out.  Students will bring characters to life through their personality and physical character traits using appropriate props and student created costumes.  For this project, students will be assigned different roles (recorder, director, actors).  Students will have the liberty of choosing an appropriate location for shooting their video.  Their final scene will be recorded using the flip camera and presented on the smart board.   

Project 2:  (Independent or pair project) Choose two of the three major scenes from Romeo and Juliet.  Using the smart notebook software, students will scan a page – picture, video and/or text- of the particular scene from the book or movie version of their choice.  Students will use Youtube.com to search for appropriate songs that will describe the scene keeping the characters feelings and actions in mind as they choose a song for their soundtrack.  Students will then link the YouTube videos to their mode they chose for that particular scene.   Upon completion of the project, students must complete a worksheet explaining why they chose their song for that scene and will specify what character traits that song describes. 

Exit Ticket:  Reaction Google Document – students will give feedback and/or suggestions on presentations.

Formative Assessment Tasks
Exit Ticket
Participation
Class work activities
Computer work
Journals
Quiz

Universal Design for Learning Options

Multiple Means of Representation
Each lesson was presented using various means of technology such as Smart Board, document camera, flip camera and videos.  Literature books, interactive websites, and games were also utilized during the presentation of these lessons.

Multiple Means of Action and Expression

 

Multiple Means of Engagement

The students’ curiosity and motivation was stimulated at the beginning of each lesson using an engaging hook.  To sustain and maintain student interest, participation, and understanding, teacher written and created materials were used throughout the unit. Some of the techniques and materials were: interactive smart board lessons, videos, books, plays, poems, flip-cams, laptops, I-Pods, music, soundtracks and interactive websites. 

Resources
http://www.udl.center.org
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zr1gk9nwTYY
http://www.p21.org/route21/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6&Itemid=3
http://www.spellingcity.com/spelling-games-vocabulary-games.html?listId=5336770

Books:
Shakespeare Stories by Terry Deary
Shakespeare’s Romeo & Juliet for Kids by Brendan P. Kelso
No Fear Shakespeare – A Midsummer Night’s Dream
No Fear Shakespeare – Romeo & Juliet Graphic Novels
Romeo and Juliet for Kids by Lois Burdett
A Midsummer Night’s Dream by Adam McKeown
Romeo and Juliet by Margaret Early