Medical School Courses
Human Gross Anatomy
Rocco Carsia, PhD / James White, PhD - Course Directors
The course focuses on the study of macroscopic structure of the human body by dissection and other methods with reference to functional mechanisms and changes during development. The anatomical basis for certain body functions are taught, as well as how to infer the anatomical basis of some clinical entities. Bi-weekly one hour conferences center on selected clinical entities or diagnostic imaging of that section's topics (including CT and MRI, where appropriate). Also, other conferences are used to coordinate the information for independent learning time. Independent learning time will cover handouts or reading assignments (approximately 3 hours per week).
James White, PhD—Course Director
The organization of this course is designed to deal effectively with a complex subject. The course will study the brain in three different ways: on a regional, functional and clinical basis. The redundancy is intentional and serves to emphasize the most relevant aspects of Neuroscience. In the laboratory portion of the course, wet brain dissections will cover the gross surface and internal anatomy of the brain. During the beginning of the course, lectures and slide shows will emphasize the regional organization of the nervous system. Following this, the themes of the course will switch to an emphasis on the functional systems of the brain and to a series of lectures on the cell biology of neurological disease. Problem-based sessions will address a variety of course topics and will cover both basic and clinical sciences. Students will be actively involved in the presentation of cases in the Problem-based sessions.
Physiology (Principles of Mammalian Physiology)
Deborah Podolin, PhD—Course Director
Much of the physiology deals with an analysis, largely in terms of the chemistry and physics of what happens and where . To some extent, this analysis necessitates an examination of physiological processes at the cellular level. To another extent, physiological analysis deals with the coordination of the individual parts of the organism to form an efficiently functional whole. This aspect of physiology is generally considered under such headings as organization, regulation or integration.
Whether physiological analysis is at the cellular or organismic level, such analysis is considerably more than a cataloging and recitation of events. Rather, modern physiology entails an understanding of the mechanisms underlying a particular response. What do we mean by this? When we observe a physiological response, two very different questions are elicited. The first is "how" and the second is "why". The first is a physiological question; it means "What are the mechanisms responsible for the change; what is the sequence of events between the stimulus and the response?" The second question is more teleological; it is an appeal to the idea of purpose. However, the question can be rephrased to ask: "In what way does the response help preserve the integrity and efficiency of the organism?" Both are reasonable questions and much of this course is devoted to developing the answers to them.
This course is designed to provide students with a factual background and basic working knowledge of human physiology. Our goal is to provide the students with the foundation and tools the primary care physician needs to understand and analyze physiological processes which underlie both health and disease. We hope that the students acquire the analytical capability for continuing self-education into the pathophysiologic basis of disease.
Bernd Spur, PhD - Course Director
Kingsley Yin, PhD - Co-Course Director
Kingsley Yin, PhD—Course Director
Bernd Spur, PhD—Co-Course Director
The modern discipline of Pharmacology encompasses the rational use of drugs in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of human disease. Pharmacology deals with the environmental agents which are toxic and carcinogenic. The growing problem of drug abuse also necessitates some consideration of the sociological problem. This course provides core content knowledge for physicians.
The basic pharmacological principles provided in this 2nd year course will draw upon those concepts the students have been introduced to in Physiology, Biochemistry, Microbiology and Genetics. The emphasis of the course is on Pharmacokinetic mechanisms of drug action, therapeutic indications (including specific disease states), adverse effects, contraindications and drug interactions. The overall mission of the course is to produce practicing physicians who understand the basic principles of pharmacology and are able to apply them in clinical settings.